eight thousand years ago, Egypt was divided into a number
of provinces fighting each other one day and acting as close allies
the next day ,whenever common interests forced them to unite and cooperate.
This prevailed until the state achieved stability as two independent kingdoms ,
one in Lower Egypt taking " papyrus " as the insignia of the kingdom and the
other in upper Egypt taking "lotus " as its insignia .
sculpture showing King Narmar wearing his Crown in the
battles of the Egyptian union in the Year 3100 B.C.
The Egypian Army In The Ancient Pharaonic History
King Narmar in the battles of the Egyptian union in the Year 3100 B.C.
Prehistoric Age , There Were Many Attempts To Unite The
Two Kingdoms. Yet, They All Failed. Untill King Narmer
succeeded in unifing them,
giving birth to Egypt in 3100 B. c & laying the foundation for the first pharaonic dynasty .
Zosar, the first King who organized the Egyptian army
on correct Military basis around the Year 2686 B.C.
With the unification of Upper& Lower
Egypt, it was necessary to establish
of "Semna" in The south of the valley, it was
secure the southern part of Egypt and as a center for the commercial exchange with Sudan.
the seventh up to the tenth dynasty (2181-2040 B.C)
and unrest took place ,bloody conflicts arose among the rulers of provinces
that they seeked the assistance of mercenary soldiers from neighboring countries,the thing that raised the army's combat efficiency.
During the eleventh & twelveth dynasties the army tended to be more unified,
as well the active service system & conscription were introduced,
Every province ruler was responsiple of training and strengthening
his own army which would join the army of the pharaoh when the country is invaded or when one of the province rulers declares mutiny.
army was divided into two sections : spear holders and
The weapons used at that time were bows, arrows, spears, swords,
daggers, axes and shields. Moreover, horns were used for calling the soldiers to assemble.
Ramses II in his fighting wheel during the battle
most prominent development added to the ancient Egyptian
was the use of the war wheels, the weapon that was taken from "Heksos"
but highly developed and used by Egyptians to the extent that they started to breed horses, an animal that was not very common in Egypt, and modified
the designs of the war wheels. It was mentioned, that the Egyptian army under the command of "Tohotmos the third" captured 24 war wheels and 2238 horses in the well-known battle of "Magedo".
Some old Egyptian daggers
The Ancient Egyptian Battles
Throughout the ancient Egyptian history,
the army fought a number of famous battles, the most
prominent was the liberation battles against